Category Archives: Sand Mining

Sydney’s Beach protection attempt may carry price tag of $700m

Bondi beach, Australia. Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care


Preserving Sydney’s beaches against rising sea levels could cost more than $700 million over the next 50 years and would require the government to reverse its long-standing position regarding offshore sand mining, according to a study on climate change-induced beach erosion…

Read Full Article, The Sydney Morning Herald

Illegal Sea Sand Dredging Leaves Behind Environmental Mess, China

Sand barge, Hong Kong. Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care


The city of Qingdao in Shandong Province is known for its sandy beaches, wild beer festival and its unique architecture. But recent visitors might have noticed something else: ugly dredging vessels pumping sea sand to be used for construction projects.

Boats deliver the sand to construction sites including airports, highways and homes…

Read Full Article, Global Times China

Sand Mafia Fill 600 Trucks a Day, Thane District India

Sand miners, Mumbai.
“Sand is the second most consumed natural resource, after water. The construction-building industry is by far the largest consumer of this finite resource. The traditional building of one average-sized house requires 200 tons of sand; a hospital requires 3,000 tons of sand; each kilometer of highway built requires 30,000 tons of sand… A nuclear plant, a staggering 12 million tons of sand…” Captions and Photograph by © Denis Delestrac


It’s business as usual for the sand dredging mafia in Thane district, in the absence of any auctioning of the 20-odd sand-rich spots here. Thane is located on Salsette Island, 30kms to the Northeast of Mumbai. According to a rough estimate by revenue officials, they have been plundering natural resources by extracting close to 600 trucks of sand a day…

Read Full Article, The Times of India

Bangladesh and Maldives: Sand Export Deal in Sight

Rising sea, Maldives. Photo courtesy of: © Denis Delestrac


The government is seriously assessing the potentials of exporting sand to the Maldives as an inter-minister meeting yesterday decided to invite sand importers of Maldives to Bangladesh.

An inter-ministerial meeting held at the land ministry decided to send the invitation through the foreign ministry. The government will step further on this regard after getting specifications of sand quality from them…

Read Full Article, Dredging Today

New Beach Sand Mining Restriction in The Turks and Caicos

Grace Bay beach, Turks and caicos. Photo courtesy of: © Aneta DVOŘÁKOVÁ


Measures are being put in place to regulate sand mining in the Turks and Caicos Islands.

A new offshore sand mining policy will go into effect November 1st 2010, with the first likely target being the channel entrance between Sandy Point and Parrot Cay, the government has announced…

Read Full Article, Green Antilles

How sand mining mafia is plundering beaches and creeks

Sand miners, Mumbai. Photo courtesy of: © Denis Delestrac

By The Khaleej Times International

Sailing down south from Mumbai along the Konkan coast, one comes across several lovely beaches, devoid of tourists, hotels and resorts and other commercial activities. Unfortunately, these days many of the beaches are also devoid of sand, thanks to reckless mining by a powerful mafia, controlled by local goons and politicians.

For years, Maharashtra’s coastal region has been under assault by the sand mining mafia, fuelled by a furious hunger for natural sand from the construction industry in Mumbai. While the country’s commercial capital has been witnessing explosive activity on the construction front, the beaches, creeks and river beds along the coast have been ravaged by miners…

Read Full Article, Khalee Times

The Bombay High Court banned sand extraction, Deccan Herald

Ban on Sand Dredging Has Hit Projects; Dredging Today

The Builders’ Association of India: Projects have come to a standstill, Indian Express

Coastal Regulation Zone, Maharashtra

Lagos Expansion Into Atlantic Ocean, Nigeria

Lagos Niger

By Demola Abimboye

By 2016, Lagos will get a new city to be built on nine million square metres of reclaimed land about 2.4 kilometres into the Atlantic Ocean, south of Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Island. It promises to be Nigeria’s most ambitious city on reclaimed land and one of Africa’s biggest marine engineering projects.

Between now and 2016, about nine million square metres of land would be reclaimed 2.4 kilometres south of Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Island, Lagos, into the Atlantic Ocean.

The planned city is one and a half times the size of current Victoria Island. When completed, the new island would be called Eko Atlantic City. It is estimated to accommodate 250,000 residents and 150,000 commuters.

Already, 1.3 million square metres of prime land has been reclaimed. This has convinced many Nigerians of the viability of the project. Thus, many wealthy individuals and corporate bodies have bought plots of land ahead of completion schedule. The ambitious project is being undertaken by South Energyx Nigeria Limited, SENL, a subsidiary of the Chaghoury Group, which has been highly active in Nigeria for over 30 years. The group has handled many major construction and engineering works. SENL and the development of Eko Atlantic project were recognised by the Clinton Global Initiative in 2009 as committed to combating the threat of flooding to Victoria Island from rising sea levels.

For the success of Eko Atlantic City project, SENL boasts of partnership with some of the world’s experts in marine engineering, land reclamation and city design as well as strong financial backing. Royal Haskoning, a firm of Dutch architects and engineers, is involved while Dredging International, a Belgian company, is shouldering the massive landfill operation.

Four banks – three local and one international – are providing financial support for the entirely private sector project. These are First Bank PLC, Guaranty Trust Bank PLC, First City Monument Bank PLC and BNP Paribas Fortis of France. Diya, Fatimilehin & Co, a firm of estate surveyors and valuers, is marketing the gigantic prime real estate business.

Marc Chaghouri of SENL told Newswatch that the concept is to create an international standard city. The city will cover seven districts: Ocean Front, Harbour Lights, Business District, Eko Drive, Marina, Avenues and Downtown.

The business district will be spread across 1.3 million square metres dedicated to providing West Africa with a world class commercial hub. At the heart of this district will be the Eko Atlantic financial centre, “a key to success and prosperity.” The centre’s imposing towers will house corporate headquarters-banks, insurance companies, a room for stock exchange and hotels. “It will open a new vista for Nigeria and Africa,” Chaghouri said, adding: “The city will provide world class property in a world class environment where people can live and work in harmony.”

The city’s planners have incorporated round the clock independent power generation, central water supply and sewage disposal systems into the scheme. With a global certificate of occupancy already given by the Lagos State government, the developers have created a specialised planning unit to streamline an approval process and ensure quality of construction and integrity of each development.

There will be a light rail system with 60 stops throughout the city and canals for light ferry services. And aside a network of roads to ensure free traffic flow, every building must have basement parking spaces for its occupants and visitors. “Eko Atlantic City will have zero tolerance for street parking,” Chaghouri said.

To protect the new city against ocean surge, SENL is building a sea barrier which it fondly refers to as the Great Wall of Lagos. The 6.5 kilometre long wall was designed by Royal Haskoning and tested in Denmark by the world renowned Danish Hydraulic Institute, DHI. Chaghouri said the result proved that “it can withstand the worst storm imaginable in a thousand years.” The Great Wall is already one kilometre long when Newswatch visited last week.

Chaghouri said further that in building the wall, his company took cognisance of the chronic erosion of the Bar Beach which reached an unbearable peak in 2005 with severe threat of flooding. To check further erosion, a shoreline protection wall running along the entire length of the beach was built. Yet the ocean remained a threat to Victoria Island. It was against this backdrop that the idea of Eko Atlantic City emerged principally to restore the shoreline to where it was 100 years ago and build a world class city on reclaimed land.

Consequently, the Bola Tinubu administration granted SENL the concession to reclaim and develop land for the city in 2006. Since then, the company has recorded a huge success. Kolawole Diya of Diya, Fatimilehin & Co, marketing consultants to SENL on the prime real estate, said more that 1.3 million square metres of land is already visible and up for sale at between $825 and $1,600 per square metre.

He said it was denominated in dollar to protect buyers against fluctuations in the Naira exchange rate. He explained that since the rate is not static but changes regularly at the auctions by the Central Bank of Nigeria, buyers would be adequately protected against the vagaries in the financial supermarkets should the local currency depreciate sharply.

“We are proud of our currency but property transactions in commercial nerve centres of the world are being denominated in dollars. And Nigerian professionals have keyed in, more so, as thousands of foreigners and foreign companies are expected to own properties in Eko Atlantic City, Nigeria’s new gateway into Africa in the 21st century,” he said.

Victoria Island was originally surrounded by water, Atlantic Ocean in the south, the mouth of the Lagos Lagoon to the west, the five Cowrie Creek to the north and swamps on the east. The colonial government filled the eastern swamps to reduce mosquito breeding areas. This created a land bridge between the island and Lekki peninsula, thus ending its existence as a true island.

After independence, successive state governments expanded this development, culminating in the construction of a high way linking Victoria Island to Epe. VI, as it is popularly called, was initially intended for suburban residential development but became an attractive location for financial institutions and other businesses in the 1970s. The rapid expansion seriously outstretched limited amenities and resources. The developers of the new city hope to have independently reliable infrastructure to avoid the mistakes of the past without the government investing its scarce funds in it.

Original Article

Shipwrecks and Vanishing Coastlines: a Nigerian Predicament, Coastal Care