Mangrove & Coral Destruction

Miles of mangrove trees Miles of mangrove trees have died in recent years along the coast of Angola due to a combination of environmental factors, including oil spills. Photo: Joe Hughes

Widespread destruction of mangroves (Bahamas, Australia) and Coral Reefs (Caribbean, Red Sea) has resulted in the loss of some of the worlds most diverse ecosystems. As a side effect, this has greatly increased shoreline hazards and beach erosion rates. The greatest benefit of mangroves is their ability to reduce storm surge. This benefit is long-term and requires no maintenance. The 1999 super typhoon, Orissa, killed over 10,000 people in India drowning many with its powerful storm surge. This number could have been lower if the mangroves had been retained. Mangroves are lost because of clearing for development, logging, and shrimp farming. Coral reefs are lost by mining (Bali, Indonesia), sedimentation from agriculture on the upland (St. Croix, Virgin Islands), bad fishing techniques that kill corals (Pacific Islands), sedimentation from nourished beaches (Waikiki) and a host of other natural and global warming-related causes. Dubai is perhaps the single greatest example of coral reef destruction. The artificial islands built there buried vast coral reefs. Mangroves and coral reefs often provide protection for nearby beaches. Their destruction harms the beach as well.


Surfing in / Mangrove and Coral Destruction

Outrage At Drilling Permit For Australia Reef

UNESCO just listed Australian western Ningaloo coast as a World Heritage site late last month due to its reef, sea turtles and white whales.But environmentalists expressed outrage after the Australian government green-lighted a proposal from Shell to explore for gas nearby.

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Capt. Kidd Shipwreck Site to Be Dedicated Living Museum of the Sea

This unique museum, resting in less than 10 feet of water just 70 feet from Dominican Republic’s shoreline, will give divers the opportunity to see the 17th century ship remains, which rest on the ocean’s floor and will serve as home to sea creatures and protect precious corals and other threatened biodiversity in the surrounding reef systems.

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Mangroves excel at storing climate-warming carbon

Mangroves store two to four times the carbon that tropical rainforests do. Part of the reason for mangroves’ efficiency in keeping carbon locked away lies in their location in tidal zones, where their roots are often covered with sea water.

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New Caledonia’s Lagoon: Better Understanding for Better Protection

New Caledonia possesses the second largest coral reef lagoon on Earth and harbours an exceptional biodiversity. The island is also the world’s third most important nickel producer. Ore extraction over the 20th Century has in places tripled the input of sediments and accompanying pollutants, such as metals, in the marine environment.

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Bioengineering Uses Vetiver Grass to Save Coral Reefs Near Guam

The vetiver grass system is a unique, economical and effective bioengineering technology for protecting coral reefs. It is also expected that these vetiver hedges may even be able to protect the beach area against tidal surge once their root systems are well established.

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Last Chance Beach, Battling Erosion in Barbados

Around Barbados, the most serious threat to the beaches is the loss of coral reefs through nearshore pollution, primarily caused by domestic sewage, and physical clearing. As the reefs die, they lose their ability to reduce the energy and erosive force of incoming waves.

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Sundarbans’ Tigers Further Pushed Towards Extinction by Rising Sea Levels

An expected sea level rise of 28 cm above 2000 levels may cause the remaining tiger habitat in the Sundarbans to decline by 96 percent, pushing the total population to fewer than 20 breeding tigers, according to a study.

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Acid Oceans Demand Greater Reef Care

The more humanity acidifies and warms the world’s oceans with carbon emissions, the harder we will have to work to save our coral reefs.

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North Australia set to face more weather extremes, corals show

Like pages in a book, near shore corals can help scientists go back in time by revealing years that were unusually wet or dry, and are providing another piece of evidence that maybe suggests that we are seeing some consequences already of global warming.

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Recent / Mangrove and Coral Destruction

Oil spill off Mumbai coast: tangible damage to mangroves

August 24th, 2010

The oil slick from two ships colliding on August 7th off Mumbai coast, was found to have destroyed more than 300 hectares of mangroves and lapped the Elephanta coast.

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Mangroves worldwide: a global loss of tidal forests

July 27th, 2010

Mangroves Report Reveals, threats and opportunities to global economy and the Planet.

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Lessons in Brazil’s oil spill after a decade

July 13th, 2010

Ten years later, the once-green mangrove bay area only has thick black mud and no life left in the soil.

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Mangroves under threat, Solomon Islands

July 10th, 2010

Conservation of mangroves and associated coastal ecosystems has been identified as a key natural adaptation strategy and mitigation measure to the effects of climate change.

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Mangrove forests in worldwide decline

July 3rd, 2010

The first ever assessment of mangrove species by the IUCN Red List found 11 out of 70 mangrove species threatened with extinction.

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Lampung mangroves could be extinct in 5 years

June 18th, 2010

70 percent of mangrove forests in Lampung Province, Southern Sumatra, are currently in damaged condition.

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Snail and Coral Destruction

June 11th, 2010

A little-known marine snail may be destroying coral reefs at an alarming rate, scientists report.

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Greenbelt Reports / TVE Asia Pacific

May 5th, 2010

The Greenbelt Reports (GBR) is a multi-media, Asian regional educational project to document the conservation challenges involving mangroves, coral reefs and sand reefs – collectively called ‘greenbelts’ in recognition of their natural protective role against wave action and anticipated climate change impact.

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