Category Archives: Sand Mining

Indonesia: land right activists killed for protesting illegal sand mining

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Indonesia. Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Legal and illegal mining has become a serious concern over the past five years in Indonesia. Such exploitation of natural resources has contributed to a number of human rights violations in Indonesia, such as murder, torture, attacks, illegal detention, land grabbing and forced eviction.

The most serious problem in the mining sector is the law enforcement itself, because in many cases police tend to ignore rights violations and environmental and material damage caused by the exploitation of natural resources…

Read Full Article; Protection Online (10-26-2015)

Activist’s action against illegal sand mining near Kihim beach, India; Mumbai Mirror (05-18-2016)
Activist Sumaira Abdulali, who has been threatened and attacked several times for raising the issue of sand mining, continues to raise awareness on the subject, to the local authorities…

Global Sand Mining: Learn More, Coastal Care

The Last Wave, Andaman Islands

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North Cinque Island, Andaman Islands. Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Environmentalist, freelance journalist, photographer and author Pankaj Sekhsaria has spent 20 years studying and fighting for the ecology of the Andaman and Nicobar islands. His first fiction novel ‘Last Wave’ about these islands, published in 2014, is getting released in Goa along with his photo exhibition.

“My research showed that the Forest Corporation was logging timber from inside the Onge Tribal Reserve and that it was also logging timber in excess of what they were supposed to. The petition highlighted these facts and also dealt with the issue of sand mining along the coasts of the islands. We could see that this sand mining was detrimental to the coastal integrity of the islands and also to species like sea turtles who use the beaches for nesting…”

Read Full Article; Goa (10-24-2016)

Exploring the Andaman culture; The Hindu (06-04-2014)

Sand Storm: $750 Million Worth of The Material is Unaccounted For in Cambodia

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“Sand is the second most consumed natural resource, after water. The construction-building industry is by far the largest consumer of this finite resource. The traditional building of one average-sized house requires 200 tons of sand; a hospital requires 3,000 tons of sand; each kilometer of highway built requires 30,000 tons of sand… A nuclear plant, a staggering 12 million tons of sand…”Captions and Photograph by “Sand Wars” Award-Winning Filmmaker: Denis Delestrac. ©2013

Excerpts;

Nearly 50 civil society organizations called for the Cambodian government to join some other Southeast Asian nations and ban or severely restrict exports of sand to Singapore after it was revealed that nearly $750 million worth of the building material has disappeared from the country.

U.N. data shows that Cambodia exported $752 million in sand to Singapore over the past eight years, but Phnom Penh only reported that about $5 million worth of sand was exported to the island nation that is the world’s top destination for the material…

Read Full Article; RFA (11-02-2016)

Singapore’s data mirrors UN’s on Cambodia’s sand export numbers; The Phon Penh Post (10-19-2016)
Singaporean customs data on sand imports from Cambodia show near identical figures to those recorded by the UN, which last month were dismissed by a top official amid a reporting discrepancy in the hundreds of millions of dollars. The UN data showed $752 million in imports of sand from Cambodia since 2007, despite Cambodia reporting only about $5 million in exports to Singapore…

Cambodia digs into sand mining industry as beaches vanish, Reuters (11-05-2016)
Cambodian officials have promised to investigate problems in the sand mining business following complaints from fishermen that dredgers have been stealing the shore beneath their boats on an industrial scale…The ministry’s move came after the release of U.N. trade data compiled by campaigners this week, showing Singapore has imported more than 72 million tons of Cambodian sand since 2007…

Cambodia’s villagers lose ground – literally – to Singapore’s expansion; CSM (10-21-2016)
Singapore is buying tens of millions of tons of sand for its land reclamation projects. Their dredging is destroying Cambodia’s coastal mangrove forests, and fishermen’s livelihoods with them. But the villagers are pushing back…

How Sand Became One of Phnom Penh’s Hottest Commodities, Cambodia; Next City (09-08-2014)

Built on Sand: Singapore and the New State of Risk; Harvard Design Magazine (09-07-2015)

Global Witness, Shifting Sands, Singapore
Shifting Sand: how Singapore’s demand for Cambodian sand threatens ecosystems and undermines good governance

“Sand, Rarer Than One Thinks”: A UNEP Report (GEA-March 2014)
In March 2014 The United Nations released its first Report about sand mining. “Sand Wars” film documentary by Denis Delestrac – first broadcasted on the european Arte Channel, May 28th, 2013, where it became the highest rated documentary for 2013 – expressly inspired the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to publish this 2014-Global Environmental Alert.

Sand Wars, An Investigation Documentary, By Award-Winning Filmmaker Denis Delestrac (2013)

Officials confirm some Kailua Beach Park sand is going to city golf courses

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Kailua beach erosion, Oahu, Hawaii. Photo source: ©© Earl

Excerpts;

Kailua residents are demanding answers after a dump truck filled with sand was spotted leaving Kailua Beach Park and heading to town. Residents say it was all the more suspect because of the Kuhio Beach erosion headlines at the same time…

Read Full Article And View News Video, KHON2

Erosion Creates Six-Foot ‘Cliff’ Along Kailua Beach, Hawaii, KHON2 909-13-2015)

Excessive Erosion Sweeps Hawaii Homes Out To Sea, Huffington Post / AP (01-02-2014)

Surf Hampers Attempt To Stop Oahu Beach Erosion; Seattle Pi (10-24-2013)

Waikiki Beach Eroding Less Than A Year After $2.2M Sand Restoration, Pacific Business News (Uploaded 01-24-2013)
A section of Hawaii’s famed Waikiki Beach is starting to erode, less than a year after the completion of a $2.2 million project to replenish the sand on about 1,730 feet of shoreline that had been suffering from chronic erosion.

70 Percent of Beaches Eroding On Hawaiian Islands Kauai, Oahu, and Maui, USGS (05-08-2012)

Scientists Urge Shoreline Retreat From Hawaii’s Eroding Beaches, EE News
Sea-level rise is a significant factor in the major shoreline change underway in Hawaii, where 52 to 72 percent of beaches on the chain of islands have eroded over the past century.

Waikiki Beach Eroding Less Than A Year After $2.2M Sand Restoration, Pacific Business News (01-24-2013)

Living on the shores of Hawaii: natural hazards, the environment, and our communities, A book by Chip Fletcher; Robynne Boyd, William J. Neal and Virginia Tice.

West Africa Is Being Swallowed by the Sea

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Gambia. Photo source: ©© Camilla Faurholdt-Löfvall

Excerpts;

Encroaching waters off the coast of Togo, Ghana, Mauritania, and others are destroying homes, schools, fish, and a way of life…

Read Full Article, FP (10-21-2016)

Ghana’s coastal erosion: The village buried in sand; BBC News (05-13-2016)

Sand mining: The Greatest Threat To The Coastline of Ghana, Graphic Online (04-24-2014)

Coastal erosion washes away beaches, threatens tourism in Senegal; Reuters / Yahoo News (12-20-2015)
The problem for tourism in Senegal, is not high prices or mismanagement, but coastal erosion that is blighting the West African country’s coast. The Atlantic has washed away beaches, forcing hotels to make drastic choices…

Rising Seas Ruining Lives in Togo, IRIN (11-16-2015)

Coastal erosion displaces hundreds, Liberia; IRIN

Sand Mining Threatens Homes In Duazon, Liberia; (10-18-2016)

Sand-Mining Threatens Homes And Livelihoods In Sierra Leone, IRIN

Nigeria: Coastline Erosion, Sand Mining Threat to Lagos, All’Africa

Rising Seas Ruining Lives in Togo; IRIN (11-16-2015)
Togo’s former capital city, Aneho, and dozens of surrounding villages, along with the main road that links the west African country to Benin, are likely to disappear from the map by 2038, if nothing is done to reverse the erosion that is currently eating away between six and 10 meters of coastal land each year…

Cape Verde: The Women Sand Thieves, Video; A Pacifico Island Production (08-05-2010)
450 km off the west coast of Africa, close to Mauritania and Senegal, with rocky mountains, lush valleys and sandy beaches, Cap Verde 10-islands archipelago appears as a small corner of paradise lost in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. On the beaches, they are thieves, almost exclusively women, who collect sand, to be sold to the slow yet ever expanding construction industry.

West Africa Scores High In Disaster Risk, IRIN (03-18-2014)
West African coastal cities, both the large and the small, are expanding rapidly and face specific challenges related to infrastructure, zoning and spatial planning, which directly contributes to an increased risk from flooding…

One Flew Over a Beach Sand Mining Pit, Senegal; INA Video (Uploaded 07-17-2013)
One flew over a coastline, North of Dakar, used as and ad hoc beach sand mining pit…

A Photo Gallery: “We Were Once Three Miles From the Sea” (01-03-2014)
Grain by grain, West Africa’s coasts are eroding away, the dry land sucked under the water by a destructive mix of natural erosion and human meddling… Nyani Quarmyne has poignantly photographed the impacts of climate change on people living on the Ghana coast…

Gambia: Mangrove Regeneration and Coastal Erosion; All’Africa (12-02-2014)

South Africa: Authorities Finally Move Against Australian Sand Mining Company

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CapeTown, South Africa. Photograph: © Santa Aguila Foundation — Coastal Care.

Excerpts;

Tormin’s mining practice, which deviated significantly from the original environmental authorisation provisions of the mining license, has been in the spotlight since the mine began operations in March 2014.

These include the construction of structures on the beach zone, mining in prohibited zones directly on the beaches, and questions about a massive collapse of the sea cliffs below the mine processing plant.

These beaches are famous for their pink sands, tinted by high proportions of garnet, a super-hard and therefore commercially useful mineral. Other minerals – zircon, ilmenite, rutile and leucoxene – were further treasures hidden within the pink sands…

Read Full Article, All’Africa (10-20-2016)

The environmental loss of illegal sand mining in South Africa, ENCA (01-07-2016)
Research shows that KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape are home to more than 200 illegal sand mining operations. Umvoti River sand is as good as gold in the construction industry. Its stellar components have placed it among the best sand in South Africa for building purposes. But this comes at a great environmental loss…

Sand Mining Threatens South Africa’s Coast, Business Report (03-06-2015)

Illegal Sand Mining in South Africa a Report: “Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme, by Romy Chevallier;” All’Africa (12-28-2014)

South Africa Dune Mining Whips Up Sandstorm, CNN (07-09-2012)
For centuries, the massive sand dunes overlooking the warm waters off the South African east coast have created a majestic scenery, acting as a natural wall between the sea and the land environment. In recent years, mining companies have been eager to dig inside these dunes to extract the valuable minerals they contain…

“The Shore Break,” A Movie From Riley Grunenwald; Variety (05-02-2016)
A gorgeous stretch of the Wild Coast is the object of a standoff between corrupt pro-mining forces interested in mining the local beach sand for titanium, and a South African coastal community. The drama is structured around two diametrically opposed protagonists. A film review by Variety…

Sand, Rarer Than One Thinks: A UNEP report (GEA-March 2014)
Despite the colossal quantities of sand and gravel being used, our increasing dependence on them and the significant impact that their extraction has on the environment, this issue has been mostly ignored by policy makers and remains largely unknown by the general public.
In March 2014 The United Nations released its first Report about sand mining. “Sand Wars” film documentary by Denis Delestrac – first broadcasted on the european Arte Channel, May 28th, 2013, where it became the highest rated documentary for 2013 – expressly inspired the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to publish this 2014-Global Environmental Alert.

The Conservation Crisis No One Is Talking About, TakePart (09-21-2016)
Beaches around the world are disappearing. No, the cause isn’t sea-level rise, at least not this time. It’s a little-known but enormous industry called sand mining, which every year sucks up billions of tons of sand from beaches, ocean floors, and rivers to make everything from concrete to microchips to toothpaste…

Sand Wars, An Investigation Documentary, By Award-Winning Filmmaker Denis Delestrac (©-2013)

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Beach and dune sand mining, South Africa. ©Photo courtesy of: “Sand Wars” Award-Winning Filmmaker: Denis Delestrac (©-2013).

Sand Mining Threatens Homes In Duazon, Liberia

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Coastal developpement, Liberia. Photo source: ©© ATAF

Excerpts;

People investing thousands of dollars in residential buildings near the Atlantic Beach in Duazon risk losing their properties as a result of rampant sand mining there…

Read Full Article, Liberian Observer (10-12-2016)

Liberia: Sand Mining Threatens Coastal Town; All’Africa (06-05-2016)

Former Liberia Minister Ponders Lawsuit Over Buchanan Ongoing Beach Sand Mining, Front Page Africa (06-15-2015)

Liberia: Coastal Defense Paradox – Beach Sand Mining Persists, All’Africa (02-08-2015)
Despite claims by the government of Liberia that it is committed to a coastal defense plan in order to save the city of Buchanan from sea erosion, beach sand mining in Central and Upper Buchanan continues on a weekly basis…

Liberia: Illegal Sand Mining Heightened, (02-22-2013)

Sand Mining Throughout Coastal Liberia (04-05-2012)

Liberia’s Poor and the Rising Sea, IPS News (06-25-2014)
A report on the threat to the environment in Liberia released by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) states that erosion in this West African country is causing the shoreline to recede in some cities, including Buchanan, Greenville, Harper and Robertsport, and that beach sand mining is also said to be the main contributing factor…

Sand Wars, An Investigation Documentary, By Denis Delestrac
“Sand is the second most consumed natural resource, after water. The construction-building industry is by far the largest consumer of this finite resource. The traditional building of one average-sized house requires 200 tons of sand; a hospital requires 3,000 tons of sand; each kilometer of highway built requires 30,000 tons of sand… A nuclear plant, a staggering 12 million tons of sand…

Sand, Rarer Than One Thinks: A UNEP report (March-2014)

Sand Mining in Liberia: Learn More, Coastal Care

Global Sand Mining: Learn More, Coastal Care

The Rising Environmental Toll Of China’s Offshore Island Grab

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Sand barges, Hong Kong. Photograph: © SAF – Coastal Care

Excerpts;

To stake its claim in the strategic South China Sea, China is building airstrips, ports, and other facilities on disputed islands and reefs. Scientists say the activities are destroying key coral reef ecosystems and will heighten the risks of a fisheries collapse in the region…

Read Full Article, Yale E360 (10-10-2016)

Great Wall Of Sand: Chinese Mischief at Mischief Reef, The New York times (04-12-2015)

Third South China Sea airstrip being built, says expert, citing satellite photos, Guardian UK

What Happens to a Coral Reef When an Island is Built on Top? the Washington Post (07-11-2015)
Seven such coral reefs are being turned into islands, with harbors and landing strips by the Chinese military, and it is destroying a rich ecological network. “It’s the worst thing that has happened to coral reefs in our lifetime…”

China’s island Factory, BBC News(09-09-2014)
New islands are being made in the disputed South China Sea by the might of the Chinese state. But a group of marooned Filipinos on a rusting wreck is trying to stand in the way…

Preventing Ecocide in South China Sea, Guardian UK (07-20-2015)

Such Quantities of Sand, The Economist (07-27-2015)
Asia’s mania for reclaiming land from the sea spawns mounting problems…

“Sand, Rarer Than One Thinks”: A UNEP Report (GEA-March 2014)

Sand Wars, An Investigation Documentary, By Mutlti-Awards Winner Filmmaker Denis Delestrac

Sand extraction from Titas triggers erosion

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Titas River, seen from Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh. Photo source: ©© Wikimedia

Excerpts;

Illegal extractions of sand from the River Titas in Sarail and Brahmanbaria Sadar Upazila are going on unabated intensifying threat of erosion in the nearby villages, local residents said.

Read Full Article; The Financial Express (10-11-2016)

Global Sand Mining: Learn More, Coastal Care