Tag Archives: Coral Reef

Scientists in Fiji examine how forest conservation helps coral reefs

indonesia-coastal-forest
Coastal forest. Photograph: © SAF – Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Researchers from the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa (UH Mānoa), WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), and other groups are discovering how forest conservation in Fiji can minimize the impact of human activities on coral reefs and their fish populations…

Read Full Article; PhysOrg (08-29-2018)

Saving Fiji’s Coral Reefs Linked to Forest Conservation Upstream, Wildlife Conservation Society (12-18-2013)
The health of coral reefs offshore depend on the protection of forests near the sea, according to a new study by the Wildlife Conservation Society that outlines the importance of terrestrial protected areas to coastal biodiversity…

To Save Coral Reefs, First Save the Mangroves; National Geographic (02-10-2015)

Scientists discover hidden deep-sea coral reef off South Carolina Coast


Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Little is known about the natural resources of the deep ocean off the United States’ Southeast coast from Virginia to Georgia, so Deep Search 2018 was created to learn more by exploring the deep sea ecosystems.

In South Carolina, 160 miles off Charleston’s coast a giant deep-sea coral reef system has been hiding for thousands of years. The chief scientist who helped make the discovery called it unbelievable…

Read Full Article; CNN (08-28-2018)

Children living on Indonesia’s coast get free goggles to enjoy – and save – precious reef


Nihiwatu Beach, a natural, beautiful and mostly undeveloped beach on the island of Sumba, Indonesia. At its two extremities, two reefs protect the beach from severe storms and are largely responsible for the white colored sand. The reefs are also a great source of food for the local villagers. Captions and photos source: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Indonesia’s maritime affairs minister has come up with an unconventional way to help preserve precious reefs from marine pollution: distribute boatloads of free goggles to children in the archipelago’s remote coastal regions. She wants to give next generation ‘the eyes’ to appreciate the marine world…

Read Full Article, Guardian UK (08-04-2018)

Bali isn’t alone in its sea plastic pollution problem – the rest of Indonesia is struggling too; Guardian UK (03-06-2018)
Indonisian idyllic blue waters are marred by rubbish, from styrofoam to dirty nappies embedded in the coral. Uninhabited islands with the most beautiful bright white beaches, are camouflaged by a thick layer of plastic: flip flops, straws, disposable lighters, asthma inhalers, styrofoam and bottles in every size and shape…

Plastic, plastic, plastic’: British diver films sea of rubbish off Bali; Guardian UK (03-06-2018)

Indonesia to declare war on marine plastic debris: Environment minister; Strait Times (02-19-2017)

Plastic Pollution: When The Mermaids Cry, The Great Plastic Tide, Coastal Care
Washed out on our coasts in obvious and clearly visible form, the plastic pollution spectacle blatantly unveiling on our beaches is only the prelude of the greater story that unfolded further away in the world’s oceans, yet mostly originating from where we stand: the land…

Deep-diving scientists say shallow reefs can’t rely on twilight zone systems for recovery


Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

A team of highly trained scientific divers explored Pacific and western Atlantic reefs to test a widely held hypothesis that climate-stressed life from shallow reefs can take refuge at mesophotic depths (100-500 feet beneath the ocean’s surface).

The results are clear: deep and shallow reefs are different systems with their own species, and deep reefs are just as threatened by climate impacts, storms, and pollution…

Read Full Article, Science Daily (07-19-2018)

Success of conservation efforts for important Caribbean Reef fish hinges on climate change


Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

For more than 20 years, conservationists have been working to protect one of the most recognizable reef fish in the Caribbean, the endangered and iconic Nassau grouper, and thanks to those efforts, populations of this critical reef fish have stabilized in some areas.

But in a new paper, published in the journal Diversity and Distributions, marine scientists said climate change might severely hinder those efforts by the end of this century…

Read Full Article, Science Daily (07-11-2018)

Coral reefs ‘will be overwhelmed by rising oceans


Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Scientists have uncovered a new threat to the world’s endangered coral reefs. They have found that most are incapable of growing quickly enough to compensate for rising sea levels triggered by global warming…

Read Full Article; Guardian UK (06-23-2018)

Coral reef experiment shows: acidification from carbon dioxide slows growth; Carnegie Science (03-14-2018)

New Study Finds Sea Level Rise Accelerating; NASA (02-13-2018)
Global sea level rise is accelerating incrementally over time rather than increasing at a steady rate, as previously thought, according to a new study based on 25 years of NASA and European satellite data…

In Next Decades, Frequency of Coastal Flooding Will Double Globally; USGS (05-18-2017)
The frequency and severity of coastal flooding throughout the world will increase rapidly and eventually double in frequency over the coming decades even with only moderate amounts of sea level rise, according to a new study released in “Scientific Reports.”…

The next five years will shape sea level rise for the next 300, study says; The Washington Post (02-20-2018)
Peaking global carbon dioxide emissions as soon as possible is crucial for limiting the risks of sea-level rise, even if global warming is limited to well below 2 degrees C. A new study analyzes for the first time the sea-level legacy until 2300 within the constraints of the Paris Agreement…

Scientists Pinpoint How Ocean Acidification Weakens Coral Skeletons


Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

The rising acidity of the oceans threatens coral reefs by making it harder for corals to build their skeletons. A new study identifies the details of how ocean acidification affects coral skeletons, allowing scientists to predict more precisely where corals will be more vulnerable.

Corals grow their skeletons upward toward sunlight and also thicken them to reinforce them.
The new research, led by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), shows that ocean acidification particularly impedes the thickening process—decreasing the skeletons’ density and leaving them more vulnerable to breaking…

Read Full Article; WHOI (01-29-2018)

2018 International Year of the Reef, UNEP


Photograph: © SAF – Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Over the last three decades, half of the planet’s coral has died under rising water temperatures and ocean acidification. To address this global crisis, global environmental leaders and countries have named this the International Year of the Reef.

Kicking off the International Year of the Reef, Prime Minister of Fiji Frank Bainimarama announced the nomination of large portions of Fiji’s Great Sea Reef as a Ramsar site in an effort to protect it from threats, such as climate change, chemical and waste water run-off from neighbouring urban settlement, and industry.

A Ramsar site is designated under international treaty as a wetland important for the conservation of global biological diversity and for sustaining human life. Under the convention, wetlands are broadly defined and include areas such as coral reefs.

“We are engaged in a battle for the future of these reefs. We approved the nomination of large parts of the Great Sea Reef as a Ramsar site to protect it for future generations,” Bainimarama said. “Today I appeal to every single person on earth to help us. We must replace the present culture of abuse with a culture of care.

Senior representatives from the United Nations and WWF took advantage of the occasion to announce a new collaboration driving an urgent global response to combat the decline of coral.

“This is a make or break year for the world’s coral reefs,” said Erik Solheim, Head of UN Environment. “We have a short window when we can act, and the United Nations, WWF, and countries like Fiji are calling on the world to take the steps that will fix the problem this year.”

“A healthy planet depends on healthy oceans which cannot exist without preserving coral reefs- a key pillar of WWF’s conservation work worldwide,” Marco Lambertini, Director-General of WWF International said. “While the world’s oceans are under pressure across the board, coral reefs stand out as needing a global response urgently. Holding a quarter of the ocean’s biodiversity and underpinning the lives and livelihoods of millions of people, the stakes could not be higher for corals – and humanity…”

Read Full Article: “Fiji’s Great Sea Reef nominated as Ramsar Site at start of International Year of the Reef”; UNEP (01-17-2018)

Coral reefs ‘at make or break point’, UN environment head says; Guardian UK (01-17-2018)
The battle to save the world’s coral reefs is at “make or break point”, and countries that host them have a special responsibility to take a leadership role by limiting greenhouse gas emissions, plastic pollution and impacts from agriculture, the head of the United Nations Environment Programme (Unep) has said…