The black marketeers stealing Indonesia’s islands by the boat-load

Indonesia. Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care


With more than 17,000 islands — from the jungly immensities of Borneo and Sumatra to unnamed rocks jutting out of the sea — you might think that Indonesia would not mind if a few of them went missing. But the South-East Asian nation is fighting a losing battle against black marketeers who are, literally, making off with its territory by the boat-load…

Since 2005 at least 24 small islands have disappeared as a result of erosion caused by sand mining…

Read Full Article, World Ressources Center, (03-23-2010)

Global Sand Mining: Learn More, Coastal Care

Use of Hardened Beach Structures to Slow Erosion

Use of Hardened Beach Structures
Large concrete jacks used to stabilize beach in Japan. Photo: Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines

Topic: Use of hardened beach structures to slow erosion.

While the use of hardened beach structures are debated, there is little debate over what they do beaches over time. Hardened beach structures disrupt the natural movement of sand up and down a beach and in the case of sea walls and sand bags, eliminate the beach altogether.

Question: Should hardened beach structures be allowed on public beaches? Should their use be limited? How?

North Carolina’s Legislation on Hardened Structures Reconsidered

North Carolina Legislation

By Santa Aguila Foundation

North Carolina law has prohibited hardened structures on its beaches and inlets for more than two decades. A handful of private beachfront homeowners are attempting to undo the ban that has set a national example and protected these public beaches.

This documentary in The Beaches of The World series was made possible thanks to the generous contribution of Glenna Patton.

Join our campaign to support the ban on hardened beach structures.

Erosion and Sea Level Rise on North Topsail Beach

Erosion and Sea Level Rise on North Topsail Beach, North Carolina

By Santa Aguila Foundation

Another documentary in The Beaches of The World series, World famous coastal geologist Orrin H. Pilkey, along with area locals, offer their perspective in North Topsail Beach, North Carolina, USA.

This documentary in The Beaches of The World series was made possible thanks to the generous contribution of Glenna Patton.

Topsail Beach Nourishement

Join our campaign to support the ban on hardened beach structures.

North Carolina: A Journey on the Coast

Journey on the coast, North Carolina

By Santa Aguila Foundation

North Carolina has, arguably, the best record in the United States of protecting its coastline and making most of their beaches accessible to the public. In 1985, the North Carolina legislature voted a law prohibiting the constructions of jetties, groins and seawalls, as well as stone revetments, structures installed to protect the coastal residents from the changing littoral zone. However, in 2008, a handful of homeowners on Figure 8 Island pushed the state to reconsider their decision with another vote.

This documentary in The Beaches of The World series was made possible thanks to the generous contribution of Glenna Patton.

Join our campaign to support the ban on hardened beach structures.

North Carolina: The Beaches Are Moving

WATCH: “The Beaches Are Moving Video,” featuring Orrin H. Pilkey. A UNC-TV video © University of North Carolina Center for Public Television

By Santa Aguila Foundation,

World famous coastal geologist Orrin H. Pilkey takes us to the beach and explains why erosion has become a problem.

This documentary in The Beaches of The World series was made possible thanks to the generous contribution of Glenna Patton.

If you are interested in obtaining a copy of the documentary, please contact us.

“The Beaches Are Moving” is a 60-minute documentary that focuses on North Carolina’s barrier islands. It describes common beach processes, as well as processes that are unique to the barrier island system. Produced in 1983 by UNC-TV, this documentary focuses on the work of Duke marine geologist Orrin H. Pilkey Jr.

Join our campaign to support the ban on hardened beach structures.

Featured image: ©© Soil Science

Chile Was Prepared for the Quake but Not the Tsunami

By Tim Padgett

In Chile’s second largest city, ConcepciÓn, the army has issued a “silence” order on some urban blocks so rescue workers can hear the possible tapping of survivors under the rubble of the massive 8.8-magnitude earthquake that hit the country on Feb. 27. The quake may be, as Chilean President Michelle Bachelet said on Sunday, “an emergency unparalleled” in the country’s history. But the death toll – fewer than 1,000 so far, despite the quake’s being one of the strongest ever recorded – is a tribute to Chile’s remarkable preparation and response.

Remarkable, that is, in terms of coping with what happened on land. Disaster officials now say the majority of Chile’s fatalities may have resulted from the temblor-generated tsunami waves that slammed coastal towns like ConstituciÓn, where 350 people were killed. And that points up the only area in which Chile and its government may have fallen short in this disaster.

If so, it’s a perplexing misstep by a country that has seen what kind of tsunami an earthquake this strong can hurl – as it did in 1960, when a 9.5-magnitude quake, the most powerful ever recorded, killed more than 1,600 people. Inexplicably, in the minutes after Saturday’s quake, Chilean officials told coastal communities like ConstituciÓn that there was little if any danger of tsunamis. Chilean television networks later aired video of tall, destructive waves pushing houses, cars and boats through fishing villages. “We ran desperately up the hill and watched how the sea washed everything away,” a woman in the village of Duao told a Chilean-TV reporter. The wave that hit the village of Talcahuano rose more than 7½ ft.

Bachelet’s government has suggested it was working with flawed data from its navy. Scientists say a tsunami’s likelihood and force depend largely on the amount of vertical movement an earthquake causes at the sea floor. The 9.0-magnitude quake that caused the devastating South Asia tsunami of 2004 yielded potent vertical displacement of about 16 ft. (5 m); Chile’s Saturday temblor, centered just off the Pacific coast about midway between the capital, Santiago, and ConcepciÓn, is thought to have involved significant vertical motion as well. Fortunately, no other countries in the Pacific Basin were affected by the Chile tsunami. “But it’s hard to understand how the Chileans didn’t foresee a major tsunami, at least for its own coast so close to the epicenter,” says a U.S. geologist who asked not to be identified because he is still studying the Chile data. “Not only was this one of the most powerful earthquakes we’ve seen in years, its movement was mostly vertical, which produces the most dangerous tsunamis.” (See how Asia recovered from the 2004 tsunami.)

But Jane Lubchenco, head of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Washington, which is analyzing the Chile tsunami data, says that precisely because the communities were so close to the epicenter, tsunami waves arrived “almost instantaneously.” (Most accounts indicate they hit the shore less than 20 minutes after the first quake shock.) “It would have been virtually impossible to mobilize quickly enough to get out of harm’s way,” Lubchenco says – especially at 3:30 a.m., when the quake hit. “They didn’t have the benefit of early warning in this case.”

Ricardo Zapata, a disaster-evaluation chief for the Santiago-based Economic Commission on Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), cites three levels of damage in the Chile quake. The first was the collapse of older, pre-1960 buildings, many of which were further damaged because they were constructed too close to one another. The second was the failure of newer buildings like ConcepciÓn’s apartment high-rises, which, while not pancaking like poorly built structures did during Haiti’s 7.0-magnitude earthquake on Jan. 12, in many cases tilted over and broke, because even the strongest foundations can experience a kind of liquefaction by vibration in such powerful temblors. The last was the tsunami wreckage – and if early reports are true that it caused the most deaths, says Zapata, “that’s something the Chileans are going to have to take a long, hard look at.” (See why Chile’s earthquake wasn’t unexpected.)

Still, says Zapata, who is heading up ECLAC’s evaluation of the Haiti quake, “given the intensity of Chile’s earthquake, it’s amazing that there haven’t been more damage and deaths than what we’ve seen so far.” Chile has been credited with mandating strict building codes. But even the best earthquake-fitted infrastructure would have trouble withstanding magnitudes much higher than 8.0. The Chile quake, Zapata says, “is off the charts no matter how you look at it,” which is why so many bridges and roads have been destroyed there. (See the top 10 news stories of 2009.)

Chile’s death toll could eventually rise above 1,000. But right now, aside from the rescue process, the biggest issue on the ground is the top priority for any earthquake-battered country: getting food, water and medical aid to the hardest-hit zones. Rescuers were hampered in ConcepciÓn over the weekend by tear-gas smoke fired at grocery-store looters – an embarrassing scene that prompted Bachelet to arrange for vendors to give free food away.

Bachelet, a moderate socialist who remains remarkably popular in Chile, hands her office to conservative President-elect SebastiÁn PiÑera on March 11. She is expected to ask U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton for a relatively small amount of American aid when Clinton visits Chile on Tuesday during her previously scheduled tour of Latin America this week. Clinton will no doubt praise Bachelet’s leadership during the emergency – as most Chileans have, despite the apparent tsunami mishap. It will be up to PiÑera to put mechanisms in place to make sure Chile is as prepared at sea as it is on land when the next earthquake strikes.


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San Miguel Island, CA; By Bob Evans

San Miguel Island, CA

Point Bennett Sunset, San Miguel Island, California. Channel Islands National Park

By © Bob Evans

“When we raise the collective consciousness to understand our Oceans as a place of beauty and freedom, the change necessary to our own survival will result.” Bob Evans has dedicated his life to educating the public about our Oceans. Continuously published since he learned to free dive and purchased his first Nikonos in 1964. Bob Evans is also an accomplished marine inventor, holding over 33 patents on revolutionary fin designs. He is currently working on marine energy projects, including a ship hull and propulsion system that will revolutionize Ocean transport.

In his younger years, Bob was dropped off by the National Park Service on San Miguel Island, with a key that didn’t work to their camp storeroom. They forgot to pick him up. Bob was reduced to eating limpets and abalone from the tide pools, before he was able to flag down a fishing boat. He came away with some priceless photographs from the adventure, and this is one of them.

The mission of the Santa Aguila Foundation is to raise awareness of and mobilize people against the ongoing decimation of coastlines around the world.

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