Category Archives: Ecosystem Destruction

Artifishal, A Documentary; By Patagonia Films


WATCH: “Artifishal, a Patagonia film documentary, directed by Josh Murphy (© 2019)

Excerpts;

Artifishal is a film about people, rivers, and the fight for the future of wild fish and the environment that supports them. It explores wild salmon’s slide toward extinction, threats posed by fish hatcheries and fish farms, and our continued loss of faith in nature…

Protect Wild Fish
Tell decision makers to stop wasting money on failed plans and invest in science-based solutions to save endangered wild salmon and orcas: Stop hatcheries, reduce harvest, remove dams and restore rivers.
Sign the petition, today, on Change.org

Learn More: Artifishal : The Fight to Save Wild Salmon; Patagonia Films

Full Film: Artifishal | The Fight to Save Wild Salmon; YouTube, Uploaded on October 30th, 2019.


Farmed salmon are different at DNA level than wild salmon in hundreds of ways; Oregon State University (02-18-2016)

Farmed Fish Consumption At Record High, UN Report Reveals, Guardian Uk (05-19-2014)
Humans have never eaten so much fish and other seafood, but nearly half of it is no longer caught wild but is grown in farms, says the United Nations. The rapid growth in the number of people living near coasts and fish farming’s ability to keep up with population growth has seen per capita fish consumption soar from 10kg per person in the 1960s to more than 19kg in 2012…

Aquaculture in Northeast China, NASA (09-28-2015)

How aquaculture is threatening the native fish species of Africa; Yale E360 (10-30-2017)
Africa has long looked to fish farming to help feed its burgeoning human population. But scientists are warning that a new aquaculture push is introducing invasive species that could devastate natural ecosystems…

Official fish trade ‘hugely underestimates’ global catches; Science Daily (10-09-2017)
Conservation of dwindling fish stocks is being severely hampered by poor controls on global trade, according to new research…

As global per-capita fish consumption hits all-time high, UN warns on over harvesting; UN (07-07-2016)
A new report from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) shows that while growth in aquaculture has helped drive global per capita fish consumption above 20 kilograms a year for the first time, almost a third of commercial fish stocks are now overharvested at biologically unsustainable levels…

Overfishing is as big a threat to humanity as it is to our oceans; Guardian UK (02-16-2016)

Nearly Half of U.S. Seafood Supply is Wasted, Study Shows, Science Daily (09-25-2015)
As much as 47 percent of the edible US seafood supply is lost each year, mainly from consumer waste, new research suggests…

Fish Farms Cause Rapid Sea-Level Rise, Nature (08-16-2013)

Why Rising Acidification Poses a Special Peril for Warming Arctic Waters

Faroe Islands
Island of Streymoy, Faroe Islands. Photograph courtesy of: ©James Marcus Haney

Excerpts;

A recent Northern voyage on a Norwegian research vessel highlighted how soaring carbon dioxide levels and the resulting acidification of the oceans present an especially grave threat to the Arctic’s cold seas and the rich marine life that they harbor…

Read Full Article; Yale E360 (10-24-2019)

Scientists rush to rescue sea turtles threatened by mysterious Brazil oil spill


Atlantic coast, Brazil. Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Crude oil has been washing up on the coast of the Brazilian northeast for over a month, leaving more than 150 of Brazil’s postcard-perfect beaches covered in thick, sludgy black patches.

The origin of the oil, found in nine Brazilian states along a 1,200-mile stretch of coastline, remains unknown. It is also along this coastline that olive ridley and loggerhead sea turtles come to make their nests and lay their eggs.

Read Full Article; PRI (10-15-2019)

Mysterious Oil Spill Becomes New Environmental Crisis for Brazil; The NYT (10-08-2019)
A mysterious oil spill that has polluted shores along a vast area of Brazil’s northeast may have resulted from unspecified criminal activity. An estimated 100 tons of crude has drifted toward land since early September, polluting some of the country’s most pristine beaches…

Simple changes in intensity of weather events ‘could be lethal’

indo-buffalo
Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Faced with extreme weather events and unprecedented environmental change, animals and plants are scrambling to catch up, with mixed results. A new model helps to predict the types of changes that could drive a given species to extinction…

Read Full Article; Science Daily (09-30-2019)

Coastal birds can weather the storm, but not the sea; Science Daily (09-18-2019)
How can birds that weigh less than a AA battery survive the immense power of Atlantic hurricanes?

Coasts in Peril? A Shoreline Health Perspective; By Andrew Cooper & Derek Jackson


Black Rock, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Photo courtesy of: © Andrew Cooper

Excerpts;

Most assessments of coastal vulnerability are undertaken from the perspective of the risk posed to humans, their property and activities. This anthropocentric view is based on widespread public perception (a) that coastal change is primarily a hazard to property and infrastructure and (b) that sea defenses (whether soft or hard) are required to mitigate and eliminate coastal hazards. From the perspective of coastal ecosystems, such a view is both perverse and damaging. In this paper we present an alternative approach to coastal assessment that centers on the physical integrity of the coast and its associated ecosystems both now and in the near-future. The shoreline health approach represents a new paradigm for coastal management and is intended to provide a much-needed ecosystem perspective. Its premise is to categorize coasts on the degree to which their ability to function morphodynamically has been compromised by human intervention. We present an expert assessment approach involving five categories that range from “Good Health” (with “Health Warning” and “Minor Wounds” sub-divisions), through “Minor Injury,” “Major Injury,” “On Life Support” to “Deceased.” We illustrate the concept using tabulated examples of each category from cliffed, clastic and delta coasts and demonstrate its utility through two applications. This approach has the potential to quantify the degree to which coastal ecosystems have been damaged and to focus attention on the cumulative impact of human activities on coastal ecosystems…

Read Full Article; By Andrew Cooper & Derek Jackson, in Frontiers Media (10-02-2019)

A whale found dead, 3 others euthanized on South Carolina beach


Photo source: ©© Angieandsteeve.
“Of all cetaceans – whales and dolphins – pilot whales are the species most likely to strand themselves. Their name itself, pilot whale, comes from their propensity to follow a single leader…” Captions: Philip Hoare, author of Leviathan or, The Whale

Excerpts;

Biologists will perform necropsies on one whale that died and three that were euthanized after becoming stranded on a South Carolina beach.

Pilot whales are usually at least 100 miles offshore, “so when you see them come this close to shore, it’s definitely alarming…”

Read Full Article; CBS News (09-29-2019)

Mass Strandings of Pilot Whales: A Study, Science Daily (03-14-2013)
Biologists since Aristotle have puzzled over the reasons for mass strandings of whales and dolphins, in which groups of up to several hundred individuals drive themselves up onto a beach…

Are humans to blame for mass whale strandings? by Philip Hoare, Guardian UK (05-201-2011)

We know they aren’t feeding’: fears for polar bears over shrinking Arctic ice

polar-bears
Photo source: ©© Jidanchaomian

Excerpts;

This year’s annual minimum of the Arctic sea ice tied with the second-lowest extent on record, a mere 1.6m sq miles, and badly affected polar bear populations that live and hunt on the north slope of Alaska, plus those that live on the ice floes in the Bering Sea…

Read Full Article; Guardian UK (09-29-2019)

Polar bears could become extinct faster than was feared, study says; Guardian UK (02-01-2018)

Soul-crushing’ video of starving polar bear exposes climate crisis, experts say; Guardian UK (12-08-2017)
Video footage captured in Canada’s Arctic has offered a devastating look at the impact climate change is having on polar bears in the region…

Busy Times at the World’s Largest Polar Bear Prison; The Atlantic (12-16-2016)
Sea ice has done some extremely odd things in 2016, as climate change is reshaping the Arctic faster than the rest of the planet. According to a new study, there’s a 71 percent chance that the global polar bear population will fall by over 30 percent in the next three decades. The only hope for the polar bear is to reduce carbon emissions, in the hope that the runaway pace of Arctic warming will eventually stabilize and reverse…

Polar Bears Shifting to Areas with More Sea Ice, Genetic Study Reveals; USGS (01-06-2015)
Scientists from around the Arctic have shown that recent generations of polar bears are moving towards areas with more persistent year-round sea ice…

Stranded Polar Bears at Kaktovik, Barter Island, Alaska; Guardian UK (11-21-2011)
Possibly hundreds of bears are becoming stranded on the coastal plain of North Alaska, because they cannot reach the retreating sea ice. Will Rose and Kajsa Sjölander, captured shots of stranded polar bears as part of “70° North”, a multimedia project documenting the impact of climate change and resources exploration in the Arctic…

Save The Arctic Video, Greenpeace; Greenpeace (09-01-2012)
Greenpeace, Jude Law, Radiohead and hundreds of thousands of people around the world are coming together to demand we save the Arctic from oil drilling, industrial fishing and militarization…

Fukushima: Japan will dump radioactive water into Pacific

fukushima-2015
Water tanks holding contaminated water in front of the reactor buildings at Fukushima Daiichi. February 11th, 2015. Captions And Photo source: ©© IAEA Imagebank

Excerpts;

The operator of the ruined Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant will have to dump huge quantities of contaminated water from the site directly into the Pacific Ocean, Japan’s environment minister has said – a move that would enrage local fishermen…

Read Full Article; The Guardian UK (09-10-2019)