Second big fish kill in less than a week reported in Louisiana

fausse-peche
Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Plaquemines Parish officials are continuing to investigate a fish kill discovered Thursday.

P.J. Hahn, coastal zone director for the parish, said the parish would like to see more testing of the area where the kill was reported to determine whether oil from the BP spill contributed to the kill, as well as earlier fish kill reported last week…

Read Full Article, The Times-Picayune

Photo Gallery, WWLTV Louisiana

7 Ways to Kick the Plastic Habits

plastic-pollution
Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

We need to break our dependence on oil, no doubt about that. One real culprit of our oil addiction is plastic.

It’s everywhere, from single use packaging, to toys, to household objects. The percent of world consumption of oil that goes toward plastic at about eight percent. That doesn’t seem like much until you consider the fact that the world demand for oil is about 86 million barrels of oil a day…

Read Full Article, Huffington Post

Waikiki Beach Replenishment

honolulu-coastal-over-development
Honolulu, Waikiki coastal over-development. Hawaii. Photo source: ©© Gouldy99

Excerpts;

On the Waikiki shoreline, what’s here today will be gone tomorrow. From Kuhio Beach to the Royal Hawaiian Hotel erosion works overtime.

The loss rate’s about one to two feet a year.

The state wants to replenish 24,000 cubic yards of sand, bringing it in from 2,000 feet off shore to widen the beach by 37 feet…

Read Full Article, Hawaii News Now

Scientists Document Fate of Deep Hydrocarbon Plumes in Gulf Oil Spill

oil-on-rocks
Photograph: © SAF – Coastal Care

Excerpts From Texas University, in ScienceDaily

In the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon disaster in the Gulf of Mexico, a team of scientists led by UC Santa Barbara’s David Valentine and Texas A&M University’s John Kessler embarked on a research cruise with an urgent mission: determining the fate and impact of hydrocarbon gases escaping from a deep-water oil spill…

Read Original Article

Exploring links between Ocean Warming, Stronger Hurricanes and low-lying coastal zones

Hurricane
Photo Source: NASA / GSFC.
Hurricanes are giant, spiraling tropical storms that can pack wind speeds of over 160 miles (257 kilometers) an hour and unleash more than 2.4 trillion gallons (9 trillion liters) of rain a day. These same tropical storms are known as cyclones in the northern Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal, and as typhoons in the western Pacific Ocean.

Excerpts;

In an interview with Yale Environment, MIT meteorologist discusses current thinking on how higher sea surface temperatures are likely to lead to stronger hurricanes, thus believing subsidies and bailouts encouraging people to live in vulnerable, low-lying coastal zones are folly…

Read Full Article, Yale Environment 360

Melting sea ice forces walruses ashore in Alaska

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5B0JT6Qbp-E&feature=player_embedded
Massive super-herds of walrus are being forced onto dry land because of a lack of sea ice, the World Wildlife Fund reports. Discovery News UGC video shows an estimated 10,000 animals gathered in Point Lay, Alaska. Watch: A Youtube Video. Uploaded on September 17th, 2010.

Excerpts;

Tens of thousands of walruses have come ashore in northwest Alaska because the sea ice they normally rest on has melted.

Federal scientists say this massive move to shore by walruses is unusual in the United States. But it has happened at least twice before, in 2007 and 2009…

Read Full Article, AP / CBS News

walruses
Adult Female Walruses on Ice Floe with Young. US waters of the Eastern Chukchi Sea, AK, USA. Captions and Photo source: S.A. Sonsthagen / USGS

Ending the Oceans’ ‘Tragedy of the Commons’

Yann Arthus Bertrand
Photograph courtesy of: © Yann Arthus Bertrand. All rights reserved.

Excerpts;

Leading international marine scientists are proposing radical changes in the governance of the world’s oceans to rescue them from overfishing, pollution and other human impacts.

Based on a successful experiment in Chile, the researchers say a new approach to marine tenure could help to reverse the maritime ‘tragedy of the commons’ which has led to the depletion of fish stocks worldwide.

Read Full Article, Science Daily

“Navigating transformations in governance of Chilean marine coastal resources” by Stefan Gelcich

Tragedy Of The Commons, Garrett Hardin, Science Magazine, Original Article, December 13th, 1968
The concept of the Tragedy of the Commons is very important for understanding the degradation of our environment. The concept was clearly expressed for the first time by Garrett Hardin in his now famous article in Science 1968, which is “widely accepted as a fundamental contribution to ecology, population theory, economics and political science.” Hardin: University of California Santa Barbara.
The tragedy of the commons is a dilemma arising from the situation in which multiple individuals, acting independently, and solely and rationally consulting their own self-interest, will ultimately deplete a shared limited resource even when it is clear that it is not in anyone’s long-term interest for this to happen.

Elinor Ostrom, Nobel Prize for economics

Concept and Definition, in OceanWorld

Expanding Hypoxic Areas in Coastal Waters

Coastal Hypoxia NASA
Off the coast of Oregon, a large dead zone—an area of water where the oxygen concentration is so low that little to no marine life can survive—has been appearing each summer since 2002.
NASA

Excerpts;

A report issued September 3rd, by key environmental and scientific federal agencies, assesses the increasing prevalence of low-oxygen “dead zones” in U.S. coastal waters and outlines a series of research and policy steps that could help reverse the decades-long trend.

The interagency report notes that incidents of hypoxia, a condition in which oxygen levels drop so low that fish and other animals are stressed or killed, have increased nearly 30-fold since 1960. Incidents of hypoxia were documented in nearly 50 percent of the 647 waterways assessed for the new report, including the Gulf of Mexico, home to one of the largest such zones in the world.

The impact of the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill on oxygen levels in the Gulf of Mexico was not considered in this report because the spill had not yet occurred at the time the report was completed. Only additional research will reveal how the presence of oil in the gulf is affecting the large dead zone that forms every summer to the west of the Mississippi delta (see fact sheet), the more than 100 other independent sites along the Gulf of Mexico coast that experience low-oxygen problems, and areas of naturally-occurring deepwater oxygen depletion…

Read Full Article, United States Environmental Protection Agency, EPA

Dead Zones or Hypoxic areas Worldwide, NASA
The cause of anoxic bottom waters is fairly simple: the organic matter produced by phytoplankton at the surface of the ocean (in the euphotic zone) sinks to the bottom (the benthic zone), where it is subject to breakdown by the action of bacteria, a process known as bacterial respiration. The problem is, while phytoplankton use carbon dioxide and produce oxygen during photosynthesis, bacteria use oxygen and give off carbon dioxide during respiration. The oxygen used by bacteria is the oxygen dissolved in the water, and that’s the same oxygen that all of the other oxygen-respiring animals on the bottom (crabs, clams, shrimp, and a host of mud-loving creatures) and swimming in the water (zooplankton, fish) require for life to continue.
The dead zones are areas in the ocean where it appears that phytoplankton productivity has been enhanced, or natural water flow has been restricted, leading to increasing bottom water anoxia.

Annual International Coastal Cleanup Day, 2010


Philippe Cousteau, International Coastal Cleanup,September 25th, 2010, Ocean Conservancy

Ocean Conservancy: International Coastal Cleanup Day: September 25th, 2010

Excerpts;

The International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) is the world’s largest, one-day volunteer effort to clean up the marine environment. Every September, from Baltimore to Bangladesh, volunteers from over 100 countries descend on local beaches, rivers, lakes and canals to show their commitment to cleaner waterways.The Ocean Conservancy, has lead and sponsored this world’s most astounding grassroots cleanup effort every year, for the past 25 years…

Sign up for the 25th Annual International Coastal Cleanup!

Read Full Article, Ocean Conservancy: International Coastal Cleanup Day: September 25th, 2010

The 26th Annual California Coastal Cleanup Day is also Saturday, September 25th, 2010

California Coastal Commission
In 2009, more than 80,600 volunteers worked together to collect more than 1,300,000 pounds of trash and recyclables from our beaches, lakes, and waterways. California Coastal Cleanup Day has been hailed by the Guinness Book of World Records as “the largest garbage collection” (1993). Since the program started in 1985, over 800,000 Californians have removed more than 14 million pounds of debris from our state’s shorelines and coast…

Bali Plastic Pollution
Photograph courtesy of: © Claude Graves; Bali, Coastal Care, Plastic Pollution.

The mission of the Santa Aguila Foundation is to raise awareness of and mobilize people against the ongoing decimation of coastlines around the world.

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