Tag Archives: Coastal Issues

Queen Anne’s Revenge’s Anchor Recovered Off NC Coast

queen-annes-revenge
Queen Anne’s Revenge, dry dock and floating again. In Barber’s Point Harbor, Hawaii.
The 3,000 lb. anchor from Queen Anne’s Revenge, which sank in the Atlantic waters near Beaufort, NC, in 1718 just before pirate Blackbeard was killed in battle. Photo source: ©© Vicki Watkins

Excerpts;

Archaeologists recovered the first anchor from what’s believed to be the wreck of the pirate Blackbeard’s flagship off the North Carolina coast yesterday, a move that might change plans about how to save the rest of the almost 300-year-old artifacts from the central part of the ship…

Read Original Article, AP

Did Archaeologists Uncover Blackbeard’s Treasure? Smithsonian magazine

Capt. Kidd Shipwreck Site To Be Dedicated Living Museum Of The Sea, in Coastal Care

Sinking Oil Threatens Historic Gulf Shpiwreck, in Coastal Care

Mediterranean Sea Invaded by Hundreds of Alien Species

ibiza-denis-delestrac
Ibiza, Mediterranean sea. Photo courtesy of: © Denis Delestrac

Excerpt from, the Department of Marine Ecology at the University of Gothenburg, in ScienceDaily

More than 900 new alien species have been encountered in the coastal environments of the eastern Mediterranean Sea in recent decades, including the poisonous pufferfish.

The invasion of alien species has had the consequence that the whole food chain is changing, while there is a lack of knowledge on which to base relevant risk assessments, a four-year study conducted at the University of Gothenburg shows…

Read Full Article

University of Gothenburg

Exploring The Hidden Coastal World of The Maritime Maya

tulum
Mayan coast, Tulum, Mexico. Photo source: ©© Jeff Stvan

By NOAA

NOAA-sponsored explorers are searching a wild, largely unexplored and forgotten coastline for evidence and artifacts of one of the greatest seafaring traditions of the ancient New World, where Maya traders once paddled massive dugout canoes filled with trade goods from across Mexico and Central America.

One exploration goal is to discover the remains of a Maya trading canoe, described in A.D. 1502 by Christopher Columbus’ son Ferdinand, as holding 25 paddlers plus cargo and passengers.

Through the end of May, the team is exploring the remote jungle, mangrove forests and lagoons at the ancient port site of Vista Alegre (“happy view” in Spanish) where the Caribbean meets the Gulf of Mexico at the northeastern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula. Scientists believe the port was part of an important trading network and was used at various times between about 800 B.C. and A.D. 1521, the date scholars use to designate the start of Spanish rule.

“The maritime Maya have been described much like ancient seagoing Phoenicians. They traded extensively in a wide variety of goods, such as bulk cotton and salt, and likely incense from tree sap called copal, jade, obsidian, cacao, Quetzal and other tropical bird feathers, and even slaves,” said Dominique Rissolo, Ph.D., expedition co-chief scientist and director of the Waitt Institute in La Jolla, Calif. “Maya trade was far-ranging between the Veracruz coast of modern Mexico and the Gulf of Honduras, with each port a link in a chain connecting people and ideas. Yet there is still much to learn about the extensive history and importance of the maritime Maya and how they adapted to life by the sea.”

“Maritime economies were strengthened and far-ranging trade routes were established between A.D. 850 and 1100,” said Jeffrey Glover, Ph.D., expedition co-chief scientist with Georgia State University’s Department of Anthropology in Atlanta. “It was during this time when the Maya at Chichen Itza relied increasingly on maritime commerce to maintain and extend control over much of the Yucatan peninsula. The period most associated with Maya seafaring followed, between A.D. 1100 and 1521.”

maya fiery pool exhibition
Panel with a seated ruler in a watery cave, Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes. Surrounded by the sea in all directions, the ancient Maya viewed their world as inextricably tied to water.The Maya viewed water as animate and intelligent, a living and thinking force with the power to influence events. Water was central to the structure of the universe and present at the beginning of time—oceans, rivers, springs, and rain were united, both literally and spiritually. Caption Peabody Essex Museum, and photograph © 2009 Jorge Pérez de Lara.

Recent archaeological work at Vista Alegre included completion of an architectural map of the site, test excavations to obtain cultural materials, and a 13-mile reconnaissance of coastal environments that revealed a number of small ancient and historical sites and cultural features.

During expeditions at the port site in 2005 and 2008, explorers mapped 29 structures including platforms, mounds, raised causeways, and a concrete-filled 35-foot tall, steep-sided pyramid that dominates the central plaza and appears to have been heavily damaged by hurricanes. Explorers believe the summit of the pyramid was also used by lookouts to monitor approaching and departing canoes. In addition to the features on the island, a narrow walkway connects the port to a collapsed and looted temple 0.8 miles away on the mainland.

The expedition team also includes co-chief scientists Patricia Beddows, Ph.D., of Northwestern University’s Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences in Evanston, Illinois; Beverly Goodman, Ph.D., of the Leon Charnet School of Marines Sciences at the University of Haifa, Israel; and Derek Smith, of the University of Washington Department of Biology. Emily McDonald of NOAA’s Office of Ocean Exploration and Research is on the team to coordinate Web coverage.

Two scientists from Mexico and a small number of U.S. students will join parts of the expedition, which will also provide post-expedition technical reports to the Mexican National Institute of Anthropology and History. A goal of the exploration is to enable Mexico to better protect and preserve its coastal and submerged cultural resources.

The explorers are contending with many of the same challenges that faced ancient Maya seafarers, including shelter, as some team members will be in tents and slung hammocks, the remoteness of the area that is accessible only by boat, the scarcity of fresh water, the possibility of tropical storms, and the danger and nuisance of a variety of local inhabitants, including mosquitoes, snakes, spiders and crocodiles.

“The Maya largely had to live off the land in this remote area where they found and used resources to survive. Like them, we have to search for scarce fresh water, but our challenges are more about making the research work in less than optimal conditions. It will involve some good MacGyvering,” said Glover, referring to the television actor who used ingenuity and materials at hand to invent his way out of a fix.

The expedition is part of Proyecto Costa Escondida (Hidden Coast Project), a long-term interdisciplinary research effort co-directed by Glover and Rissolo and focused on the dynamic relationship between the Maya and their coastal landscape.

fiery pool mayan art

Fiery Pool: The Maya and the Mythic Sea, an exhibition that showcases more than 90 works of Maya art, many shown for the first time in the United States, offering exciting new insights into Maya culture that focus on the sea as a defining feature of the spiritual realm and the inspiration for the finest works of art. More than a necessity to sustain life, water was the vital medium from which the world emerged, gods arose and ancestors communicated.

Original Article

Fiery Pool: The Maya And The Mythic Seas, Opening Exhibition, Pictures

The Birth of an Ecomovement: Namibia’s Coastal Parks

namibia
Skeleton coast, Namibia. Photo source: ©© William

Excerpts;

At dawn, three weeks before the winter solstice, the last tendrils of fog curled gray against the pinking sky over a sand dune on the eastern edge of the Namib Desert…

Read Full Article, National Geographic

Frans Lanting Photography

Whole Coastline of Namibia Designated National Park, in Coastal Care

Uncontrolled Sand Mining Days Numbered, in Coastal Care

Seismic Shift? As Bahamas islands Sink, One Island Mysteriously Rises

eleuthera bahamas
Eleuthera Island, in the Bahamas, is seen in an astronaut photograph taken from the International Space Station. Photo and caption: NASA

Excerpts;

All the islands in the Bahamas were thought to be slowly sinking, but now scientists find one quirky isle going against the crowd.

This anomaly suggests the area may be less seismically stable than previously thought…

mayaguana bahamas
Mayaguana island, southeast Bahamas. Photo source: NASA

Read Original Article, OurAmazingPlanet

Haiti’s Coastline Clean-Up

Youtube Video:

Excerpt from UN / MINUSTAH

Every September, from Bangor, Maine, to Bangladesh, hundreds of thousands of people in more than 75 countries remove millions of pounds of trash from waterways and beaches all over the world during Ocean Conservancy’s International Coastal Cleanup (ICC).

Inspired by its success, the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) has launched a range of activities across three regions of the country, Cap Haitien, Les Cayes and Lully with the aim is to teach local people the importance of protecting their marine environment.

In Lully, MINUSTAH and the local Fishermen Association began the cleanup. The day started with peacekeepers distributing shirts and bags to the local population.

The Commander of the Chilean battalion of MINUSTAH said this approach is designed to protect the environment in which they operate.

The soldiers, in partnership with local residents, collected garbage in bags while educating people about the dangers of dumping waste into the sea.

For many volunteers, this cleanup is an important first step.

Members of the Association Vision 2013 went door to door explaining to people the usefulness of cleaning up the coastline.

Lucien Revange, President of the Association of Lully Fishermen says that the Haitian State should monitor the project and take all appropriate measures for fisheries development.

Fishing is Lully’s main activity, but fishermen are facing great difficulties, including a lack of equipment, in addition to the pollution of the sea. This creates not only a drop in the quantity of fish caught but also in their income.

Featured Photograph: Kevin Krejci / Tree Huggers /Creative Commons

Original Article and Video

United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti, UN Site

MINUSTAH’s mandate, Wikipedia

Iran expert alarmed by critical Caspian Sea pollution

iran
Caspian sea. Photo source: ©© Daniyal62

Excerpts;

The level of industrial and oil pollution in the Caspian Sea has reached a “critical condition,” an Iranian ecological expert warned, quoted by local media on Thursday.

Pourgholam claimed 95 percent of the pollution originates from the sea’s littoral states in the north and northwest, Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan, home to a major offshore oil industry…

Read Full Article, AFP

Renewables key for climate, world energy supply: IPCC

wind-energy
Photograph: © SAF — Coastal Care

Excerpts;

Renewable energy could meet nearly 80 percent of the world’s energy needs by mid-century and play a crucial role in fighting global warming, the UN’s climate scientists said Monday in a major report.

The 194-nation Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) said that renewable sources had grown rapidly, were widely competitive with fossil energies and, technically, had almost limitless potential…

Read Full Article, AFP