Sand barges, Hong Kong Bay. Photograph: © SAF.
Guangdong is a province on the South China Sea coast of the People’s Republic of China. The capital is Guangzhou, and on coastal islands and adjacent mainland territories are Hong Kong and Macao.
Guangdong surpassed Henan and Sichuan to become the most populous province in China in January 2005, registering 79 million permanent residents and 31 million migrants who lived in the province for at least six months of the year. The province contributes approximately 12% of the PRC’s national economic output, and is home to the production facilities and offices of a wide-ranging set of multinational and Chinese corporations.
To regulate the river sand market, the Guangdong provincial government has launched a large-scale crackdown on illicit river sand mining gangs this year.
The government has also been encouraging construction companies to use substitutes for river sand…