Sand mining, India. Photo source: ©© Challiyan
“The seemingly unceasing mining operation on the Yamuna and Hindon riverbeds in western Uttar Pradesh is encouraged by the increasing demand for sand for construction by realtors, mostly operating in the Noida, Greater Noida and Ghaziabad areas.
The builders, are always on the lookout for cheap sand. These come from a mafia that illegally mines the riverbed of Hindon, Yamuna and Ganges, by evading royalty.
A licensed operator, after paying royalty to the state, sells sand at a higher price, about Rs 20,000 per dumper. The illegal miner sells the same quantity of sand for Rs.8,000 to the transporters, who charge Rs 10,000 from the realtors…”