Gloucester Point Beach, Virginia; By Carl Hobbs

Posted In Beach of the Month, Features
May
1

By Carl Hobbs, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William & Mary

Gloucester Point Beach, Virginia, is a small, community beach on the north shore of the York River estuary a few kilometers upstream from Chesapeake Bay. The beach is on the downstream (east) side of Gloucester Point where, along with an adjacent public boat ramp and parking, it is otherwise surrounded by the campus of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science. The beach extends almost 250 m (800 ft) between a stone revetment that with a series of small breakwaters protect the VIMS campus and the groin-like short wall associated with the a boat ramp at the very tip Gloucester Point. It is exposed to wind and waves from the east and southeast with a fetch to the southeast of about 5 km (3 mi) and to the east of tens of km. Mean tidal range is about 0.75 m (2.4 ft).

Gloucester Point Beach is managed as a public park by Gloucester County (pop. about 37,000). In addition to the beach there is a 95 m (310 ft) long fishing pier with a 97 m (320 ft) “T” on the end, a small, seasonal concession stand, restrooms, an outside, freshwater shower, an open-sided shelter, numerous picnic tables, and a few pieces of play-ground equipment. There are no lifeguards. As the only public beach in the county, the park experiences extensive daily use through the summer months and on sunny weekends in the spring and fall while the water temperature is comfortable. The pier is used throughout the year.

Immediately southward of the southeast (boat ramp) end of the beach, the submerged river bank slopes very steeply to a depth of about 12 m (40 ft) within a few meters to depths in excess of 18 m (60 ft) fairly close to shore. The beach angles away from the channel so that at the fishing pier, about half-way along the public beach the ~-2m (-6 ft) contour is approximately 90 m (300 ft) offshore. The constriction of the York River between Gloucester Point and Yorktown contributes to the beach’s other potential hazard: an average ebb current of 1.6 knots (0.8 m/s). With a strong northwest wind, the ebb current can be substantially stronger. Fortunately, most of the visitors to the beach prefer the portions of the park farther away from the point itself.

Gloucester Point is the down-drift end of a coastal cell. The rigid side of the boat-ramp near the tip of the Point serves as a groin keeping the sand from flowing into the York River’s deep channel. The small breakwaters and the revetment immediately up-drift of the park’s beach were constructed a few years ago. As yet, they have no apparent negative consequences on the public beach. As the beach is situated between artificial headlands and there is no regular swell, storm waves are the major, perhaps only substantial, agents of change. The park is inundated about once a year by high water resulting from a tropical storm or nor’easter.

Though not exceptional in either a geological or esthetic sense, Gloucester Point Beach is an excellent example of a well-used community beach. It is a major recreational asset to the locality. As is the case in many areas, public access to the shore is severely limited so a community beach, such as the one at Gloucester Point, serves an important function.

Tags:

More / Beach Of The Month

Anegada, British Virgin Islands – II ; By Andrew Cooper

October 1st, 2019

In celebration of Coastal Care’s 10 Year Anniversary, we are republishing an acclaimed selection of the most popular Beach Of the Month contributions of the decade.

Read More

The end of the world’s most famous beaches – II ; By Orrin H. Pilkey and J. Andrew G. Cooper

September 1st, 2019

In celebration of Coastal Care’s 10 Year Anniversary, we are republishing an acclaimed selection of the most popular Beach Of the Month contributions of the decade.

Read More

Santa Veronica Beach, Atlantico, Caribbean coast, Colombia: A model of small community, beach loss, wrong responses; By Nelson Rangel-Buitrago, Adriana Gracia & William J. Neal

August 1st, 2019

Santa Veronica is one of numerous recreational beach developments along Colombia’s Caribbean Coast most sharing a similar history of shoreline retreat, perceived as shoreline erosion, and the attempt to hold the shoreline in place through the use of shore-hardening structures.

Read More

Big Talbot Island’s Blackrock Trail; By Cecelia Dailey

June 1st, 2019

The locals call it “lava beach”—a misnomer which leads some to believe the unique formation found here are igneous in origin. But these mystifying “black rocks” crumble to the touch, staining the hands, feeling gritty with sand. Although many are black, these “rocks” are sometimes light colored, deep red or burnt brown.

Read More

Terraces and Towns; By Gary Griggs

April 1st, 2019

The geologic history of California’s north coast is evident in the typically steep relief and coastal landforms. This is an area where a drive along much of the narrow lanes of State Highway One along the often steep coast is always an adventure and where it’s never wise to take your eyes off the road for very long. Most of the beaches occur at the mouths of the coastal streams.

Read More

A Special Beach: Nauthólsvík Geothermal Beach, Iceland; By Norma J. Longo & Orrin H. Pilkey

February 1st, 2019

Iceland is a land of black beaches, usually with a large gravel component. But one Icelandic beach near Reykjavík is different.

Read More

“Beach Robbers”; By Charles O. Pilkey

December 1st, 2018

“Beach Robbers”, is a book chapter written and illustrated by Charles O. Pilkey, excerpted from “The Magic Dolphin: A Young Human’s Guide to Beaches, Sea Level Rise and Living with the Sea” by Charles O. Pilkey with Orrin H. Pilkey.

Read More

California’s Coastal Harbors, Beach Compartments and Sand Dredging; By Gary Griggs

October 1st, 2018

Every year the dredge at the Santa Cruz Small Craft Harbor along central California’s northern Monterey Bay sucks up about 250,000 cubic yards of sand, on average, from the entrance channel and pumps it out onto Twin Lakes Beach where it continues its journey down coast. If it were put in dump trucks, it would fill about 25,000 of them, but the waves can move all that sand without any human labor, and without any noise or carbon emissions.

Read More

Archive / Beach Of The Month